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SBN-Ped traffic-related injury program: influence of early elementary school safety education on family seat belt use
Brackground. Traffic-related injuries have become a major public health concern worldwide. Approximately 1.2 million people are killed each year in road crashes around the world, with up to 50 million more injured (1).
Objective This paper reviews selected interventions and strategies that have been developed to counter traffic-related injuries in terms of their effectiveness and their applicability to low-income countries. Young children can learn safety behavior in the public school system. These children will modify family seat belt use. It’s a pilot program from Pediatric Brazilian Neurosurgery Society.
Materiais e Métodos/Casuística
Methods. A school-based injury prevention program targeting students from 7 to 10 years of age addressed aspect of traffic safety: seat belt use. After inservice instruction, teachers taught the program over a 10-week period. A simultaneous community traffic safety program was conducted through the media. Family seat belt use was monitored by blinded observation. School program implementation was defined as good or poor, based on adherence to teaching protocol.
Results. From 2012 to 2018 there were 6637 traumas admissions in Emergency Unity from University Hospital in patients less than 18 years of age.
A systematic program were initiate in three elementary schools in 2019 in Ribeirao Preto.
Discussão e Conclusões
Conclusions. Elementary school safety education improves family seat belt use, low income schools should be targeted, and strict adherence to the teaching protocol is essential.
1. Peden M et al., eds. World report on road traffic injury prevention. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004.
pediatric neurosurgery, seat belt, traffic accident, head trauma, social program
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery Hospital das Clínicas - School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto University of Sao Paulo - Sao Paulo - Brasil
Ricardo Santos de oliveira